The layout and symbology is unchanged from the NG. horizontal situation indicator (HSI) The HSI provides a basic horizontal view of the aircraft's navigation picture. Unlike mechanical instruments, this information can be dynamically updated as required; the stall angle, for example, can be adjusted in real time to reflect the calculated critical angle of attack of the aircraft in its current configuration (airspeed, etc.). The award-winning Aspen Evolution 1000 series Primary Flight Displays (PFDs) deliver exceptionally easy-to-use, advanced glass panels at the lowest price on the market. FAA regulation describes that a PFD includes at a minimum, an airspeed indicator, turn coordinator, attitude indicator, heading indicator, altimeter, and vertical speed indicator [14 CFR Part 61.129(j)(1)]. Mechanical gauges have not been completely eliminated from the cockpit with the onset of the PFD; they are retained for backup purposes in the event of total electrical failure. A primary flight display or PFD is a modern aircraft instrument dedicated to flight information. The PFD may also show an indicator of the aircraft's future path (over the next few seconds), as calculated by onboard computers, making it easier for pilots to anticipate aircraft movements and reactions. Much like multi-function displays, primary flight displays are built around a Liquid-crystal display or CRT display device. Es dient aber seit eh und je der Steuerung des Flugzeugs. The unit combines the information traditionally displayed on several electromechanical instruments onto a single electronic display reducing pilot workload and enhancing Situational Awareness. MAX Display System, showing the F/O inboard and outboard displays. From left to right: Engine displays, Half size ND (in map mode), PFD, compass and Aux display. Künstlicher Horizont Hier wird angezeigt in welcher Lage das Flugzeug sich befindet. As in the PFD's attitude indicator, these systems are merely displayed data from the underlying mechanical systems, and do not contain any mechanical parts (unlike an aircraft's airspeed indicator and altimeter). Primary Flight Display - PFD. Much like multi-function displays, primary flight displays are built around a Liquid-crystal display or CRT display device. In der folgenden Erklärung fokussieren wir uns auf die für Ihre wichtigsten Systeme, Schritt für Schritt und leicht erklärt. To the left and right of the attitude indicator are usually the airspeed and altitude indicators, respectively. At the bottom of the PFD is the heading display, which shows the pilot the magnetic heading of the aircraft. This is usually represented with numbers in "thousands of feet per minute." Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Airbus Introduces HUD Symbology On Primary Flight Display", "Less Is More: Merit In Cockpit Minimalism", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Primary_flight_display&oldid=918329121, Articles needing additional references from March 2014, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 September 2019, at 03:59. A number of manufacturers produce PFDs, varying slightly in appearance and functionality, but the information is displayed to the pilot in a similar fashion. Ein Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS; deutsch Elektronisches Fluginstrumentensystem) ist eine Gruppe von konfigurierbaren Multifunktions-Displays (MFD) im Cockpit eines Luftfahrzeugs, auf denen Flug- und Sensordaten dargestellt werden können. The layout and information displayed on the PFD varies depending upon manufacturer and installation. If you wish to contribute or participate in the discussions about articles you are invited to join SKYbrary as a registered user. Representations of older six pack or "steam gauge" instruments are combined on one compact display, simplifying pilot workflow and streamlining cockpit layouts. Other information that may or may not appear on or about the attitude indicator can include the stall angle, a runway diagram, ILS localizer and glide-path “needles”, and so on. both unchecked: display arrival and departure flights only arr checked: display arrival flights only dep checked: display departure flights • Flight number from-to: enter flight number, flight number range or just airline code. Most airliners built since the 1980s — as well as many business jets and an increasing number of newer general aviation aircraft — have glass cockpits equipped with primary flight and multi-function displays (MFDs). In the F-15E, it can provide navigation data to selected ground navigation facilities (TACAN or Instrument Landing System (ILS)) or to onboard navigation … Das Cockpit (engl. There may also be a simulated needle showing the general direction and magnitude of vertical movement. Un Primary Flight Display (PFD) (in italiano schermo primario di navigazione) è un moderno strumento di bordo dedicato a visualizzare informazioni base di volo (assetto, velocità, altitudine, rateo di salita, direzione) e sullo stato dell'autopilota (inclusa automanetta e flight director). Both indicators may often have “bugs”, that is, indicators that show various important speeds and altitudes, such as V speeds calculated by a flight management system, do-not-exceed speeds for the current configuration, stall speeds, selected altitudes and airspeeds for the autopilot, and so on. Other information displayed on the PFD includes navigational marker information, bugs (to control the autopilot), ILS glideslope indicators, course deviation indicators, altitude indicator QFE settings, and much more. This page was last edited on 2 August 2017, at 10:07. Description. A failure of a PFD deprives the pilot of an extremely important source of information. The PFD is normally displayed on the inboard side of each pilots outboard DU. A Primary Flight Display or PFD, found in an aircraft equipped with an Electronic Flight Instrument System, is the pilot's primary reference for flight information.The unit combines the information traditionally displayed on several electromechanical instruments onto a single electronic display reducing pilot workload and enhancing Situational Awareness. Vertical deviation for ILS glideslope or VNAV (vertical navigation) is displayed to the right of the AI while lateral deviation from the ILS, VOR or FMS track is displayed below the AI. Representations of older six pack or "steam gauge" instruments are combined on one compact display, simplifying pilot workflow and streamlining cockpit layouts. While the PFD does not directly use the pitot-static system to physically display flight data, it still uses the system to make altitude, airspeed, vertical speed, and other measurements precisely using air pressure and barometric readings. Often this part of the display shows not only the current heading, but also the current track (actual path over the ground), rate of turn, current heading setting on the autopilot, and other indicators. Flight Deck), veraltet auch Pilotenkanzel, hat sich in den letzten Jahrzehnten extrem verändert. Although the layout of a PFD can be very complex, once a pilot is accustomed to it the PFD can provide an enormous amount of information with a single glance. Dieses benötigen Sie für Ihren Flug, um zu wissen, wo Ihr Flugzeug sich befindet, wohin es fliegt und was sich in der näheren Umgebung befindet. These can be switched to display any of the data, zoomed, etc.